Friday, March 7, 2008

Indus script encodes mleccha speech (scribd.com)A tribute to artisans who invented alloying and a writing system, ca. 4k yrs ago

A tribute to artisans who invented alloying and a writing system, ca. 4000 years ago

Indus script encodes mleccha speech (scribd.com)

URLs for the 5 volumes of Indus Script encodes mleccha speech:

http://www.scribd.com/doc/2231843/writing
http://www.scribd.com/doc/2231860/dictionary
http://www.scribd.com/doc/2232464/epigraphica
http://www.scribd.com/doc/2232534/language
http://www.scribd.com/doc/2232617/lexicon

This is a tribute to ancient artisans. Two revolutionary civilizational discoveries occurred in the 3rd millennium BCE: one was the technique of alloying metals and the second was the invention of a writing system.

The work in 5 volumes, Indus scrip encodes mleccha speech proves the validity of the insight provided by Prof. James D. Muhly: "The Early Bronze Age of the 3rd millennium B.C. saw the first development of a truly international age of metallurgy... The question is, of course, why all this took place in the 3rd millennium B.C... It seems to me that any attempt to explain why things suddenly took off about 3000 B.C. has to explain the most important development, the birth of the art of writing... As for the concept of a Bronze Age one of the most significant events in the 3rd millennium was the development of true tin-bronze alongside an arsenical alloy of copper...” (J.D. Muhly, 1973, Copper and Tin, Conn.: Archon., Hamden; Transactions of Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, vol. 43) p. 221f. ) The emergence of the Iron Age (c. 1000 BCE)…’The simplicity of iron-working took metallurgy out of the palace, just as the alphabet had done for the art of writing.’ [James D. Muhly, Mining and metalwork in ancient Western Asia, p. 1517 in: Jack M. Sasson, ed., 1995, Civilizations of the ancient Near East, New York, Charles Scribner’s Sons, pp. 1501-1521]."The fabrication of bronze represented man's first industrial revolution centering in the use of fire...” ." (Theodore A. Wertime, The search for ancient tin: the geographic and historic boundaries, in: Alan D. Franklin, Jacqueline S. Olin and Theodore A. Wertime, eds., 1977, The Search for Ancient Tin, Washington D.C., US Government Printing Office; See Theodore W. Wertime, In search of Ana_ku, bronze-age mystery, Mid-East 8, May-June 1968, pp. 10-20; J.D. Muhly, Tin trade routes of the bronze age, American Scientist 61, July-August 1973, pp. 403-13).

The artisans of Sarasvati civilization have provided the basis for the following examples of civilizational continuities:

Glyphs on early cylinder seals of Mesopotamia (Akkadia, Susa, Elam, Anau)
Glyphs on Gundestrup cauldron
Glyphs on punch-marked coins of Asia-minor and janapada-s extending from Gandhara to Karur (on the banks of Kaveri) and in Srilanka
Glyph s’rivatsa on Sanchi torana; glyph of kaula mengro on Barhut stupa (alligator ligatured to a mollusk)
Rock-cut reservoir in Vidisha, grand anicut (kallanai on Kaveri) comparable to rock-cut reservoir of Dholavira and gabar bands on Sindhu
Glyphs of Sohgaura copper plate
Glyphs on tin ingots discovered in a ship-wreck near Haifa
Use of lost-wax (cire perdue) technique for pancaloha (five-metal alloy) sculpture-making in Swamimalai (comparable to the technique used in Sarasvati civilization)

The mleccha-speaking artisans invented alloying of metals and a writing system. Both are related as validated in the insightful, falsifiable hypothesis stated by Prof. James D. Muhly. This is thus a tribute to savants like Muhly and to the artisans of yore who have been harbingers of the industrial age, changing the lives of people for ever.

Dr. S. Kalyanaraman

PS: The book, titled: Indus script encodes mleccha speech, is in 5 volumes (including a CD for volume 5 of 5111 pages): harc copies of first 4 volumes can be obtained from Jayalakshmi Book Stores, 6 Apparsami Koil St., Mylapore, Chennai Tel. 91 44 24990539 jibh_rkc@hotmail.com


Writing

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Dictionary

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Epigraphica Sarasvati

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Sarasvati lingua franca, mleccha

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Indian Lexicon [A comparative dictionary of over 25 ancient Bharatiya (Indian) languages]

Read this doc on Scribd: lexicon

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