Ancient metallurgy and mleccha writing on pure tin ingots

Ancient metallurgy and mleccha writing on pure tin ingots

The finds of two pure tin ingots in a shipwreck in Haifa inscribed with Sarasvati hieroglyphs (so-called Indus script)should be of interest to scholars and researchers of Hindu-judaic studies and language studies, to unravel further the nature of the maritime civilization contacts between ca. 4th to 2nd millennium BCE.

The hieroglyphs have been read as connoting ranku dhaatu 'tin mineral'.

It is intriguing indeed that the words, ranku dhaatu, represented as hieroglyphs are tagged to the lingua franca, mleccha (cognate meluhha).

It is interesting to note the Hebrew phrase: melech ha-melachim.

Who were the meluhha, mleccha, melachim who seem to have dominated the dawn of the early metal-alloy-age? See notes on melech at: Aha, early metallurgists, karmaara, kamar made these using cire perdue technique which is used even today by vis'vakarma smiths in Swamimalai on Kaveri river basin.

Dr. S. Kalyanaraman

'Metallurgy of tin ingots and a writing system of ca. 3rd millennium BCE"